Category: Makarov pm

Under the project leadership of Nikolay Fyodorovich Makarovit became the Soviet Union 's standard military side arm from The Makarov pistol resulted from a design competition for replacing the Tokarev TT semi-automatic pistol and the Nagant M revolver.

Walther's cartridge became the 9x18mm Makarov. For simplicity and economy, the Makarov pistol - which was principally a scaled-up Walther PP - was of straight blowback operation, with the 9x18mm cartridge being the most powerful cartridge it could safely fire.

Although the nominal calibre was 9. Inthe Pistol of Makarov PM was selected because of its simplicity few moving partseconomy, easy manufacturing, and reasonable stopping power. It remained in wide front line service with Soviet military and police until the end of the U. Today, the Makarov is a popular handgun for concealed carry in the United States ; variants of the pistol remain in production in Russia, China, and Bulgaria.

In the U. The Pistol Makarova PM is a medium-size, straight blowback action, frame-fixed barrel handgun. In blowback designs, the only force holding the slide closed is that of the recoil spring; upon firing, the barrel and slide do not have to unlock, as do locked-breech design pistols.

Blowback designs are simple and more accurate than designs using a recoiling, tilting, or articulated barrel, but they are limited practically by the weight of the slide. The 9x18mm cartridge is a practical cartridge in blowback-operated pistols; producing a respectable level of energy from a gun of moderate weight and size.

The PM is heavy for its size by modern US commercial handgun standards, largely because in a blowback pistol the heavy slide provides greater inertia to delay opening of the breech until internal pressures have fallen to a safe level. Other, more powerful cartridges have been used in blowback pistol designs, but the Makarov is widely regarded as particularly well balanced in its design elements.

The Astrachambered for 9mm Parabellum is a much older blowback pistol design than the Makarov, and fired a much more powerful cartridge.

The US firm HiPoint currently manufactures large, heavy blowback pistols in even more powerful chamberings, including the. The PM has a free-floating firing pinwith no firing pin spring or firing pin block. This allows for the possibility of accidentally firing if the pistol is dropped on its muzzle. Designer Makarov thought the firing pin of insufficient mass to constitute a major danger. The Makarov is notable for the safety elements of its design, with a safety that simultaneously blocks the hammer from contacting the firing pin and returns the weapon to the long-trigger-pull mode of double action when that safety is engaged.

This is one of number of different types of safety mechanism generally referred to as "manual safety" in order to distinguish it from safeties that are disengaged by the user in the course of firing a gun without manipulation of separate safety controls.

This type safety in the form of a slide mounted lever has some safety advantages points that the extra step to operate it may be of benefit in certain situations, although there is an argument over whether if that extra stop can also be a risk.

The extra manipulation requirement can be a risk, especially when the slide mounted lever type is not positioned in ergonomic manner.

Makarov PM: a technical overview

Small Walther pistol such as PPK is one example of the case, and Makarov is very similar in configuration with such pistols. When handled properly, the Makarov has excellent security against the possibility of accidental discharge caused by inadvertent pressure placed upon the trigger such as in the acts of carrying the weapon in dense brush or re-holstering it.

The Bulgarian-model Makarov is even government-approved for sale in the U. The PM's notable features are its simplicity and economy of parts; many do more than one task, e.It's difficult to find something grossly inadequate in the Tokarev TT33 semi-automatic pistol, which still today sees some military use in several Countries; and yet, the Soviet Union was already studying a possible replacement by As the Second World War ravaged through Russia, these very same officers had to realize that a handgun was ill-useful for tank crews, and yet they probably refused to fully accept the concept, as a trial for a new service pistol was launched by They also had to be more accurate, and their reliability had to be so improved over existing handguns of the era that basically any possible drawback had to be eliminated.

And of course, their stopping power had to be the same as, or superior to, the Tokarev's. All components are built to last; they may be a little bit rude, but are robust and functional. The original Makarov components were instead obtained out of forged steel blanks, through complicated and expensive machining procedures.

Sintering procedures were already in use in Germany by the s, but even after World War 2, Soviet manufacturing technology was not mature enough to implement it. Many smaller parts of PM were thus originally machined; later, they were produced by precision casting techniques rather than powder sintering.

Sure, workmanship costs were not a factor in the Soviet Union, but simpler manufacturing procedures were, as most of the Soviet gun plants workers back in the day had a very low degree of specialization; most of the previous-generations, more skilled workers had been replaced by women in the factories and sent to die in World War 2, and the training of a new generation of properly trained workers would take time.

The Makarov PM sports a shorter sight radius than the Tokarev pistol, and is normally just as accurate as a well-maintained TT; it is, however, much safer to operate, and also more durable, thanks to its blowback operation, which allows the use of a fixed barrel and eliminates the need for a barrel bushing.

Exception made for the single-piece grip overlay and the decocking safety lever, the pistol appears of no particular technical significance at a first glance; as usual, the genius behind it can be fully understood only upon a complete disassembly and a closer view of its components.

The Makarov PM field-strips through a Walther-type procedure: once the magazine is removed and the chamber is clear, the trigger guard is pulled downwards to free the slide from the frame; the slide itself can then be pulled rearwards, tilted upwards, and removed.

First and foremost of all, unlike the Walther, the Makarov can be field-stripped and reassembled without any tool whatsoever; the only external screw is the one found on the grip backstrap, holding the one-piece grip overlay in place, and if necessary can be unscrewed using a bullet case rim as a tool.

The removal of the grip overlay will reveal the hammer spring and the magazine catch and release spring. Both are held in place by a small metal sleeve, which in turn is kept secured to the frame by the backstrap screw. Somebody once said that simplification in engineering comes when one single component performs multiple functions at the same time, while useless complications come when multiple components must perform the same function; well, if that's the case, what we have here is absolute genius applied to simplification at its best, since the two springs and the magazine catch are all obtained out of a bent metal band.

Makarov PM : Classic Soviet sidearm.

These aren't the only tasks performed by these springs, since the machined pad that operates the magazine release feacure is kept in place by another small bend in the lower portion of double spring itself.

The removal of the inner components of the pistol is just as simple: each one of them is kept in place by an integrated pin, so these need to be turned until these pins come out of their seats all by themselves; another smart, original and useful feature.

The striker is niftly conceived; it starts like a small metal cylinder, rounded on top, and is machine-cut until it reaches a pyramidal-like triangled shape. It's extremely stiff, with very little or no attrition with the walls of its seat in the slide; and it will never, ever break.

It also sports no striker spring whatsoever, and is retained by the safety when it's engaged. The trick is done by a simple harmonic steel wire piece, which engages a punching hole that retains it. In order to prevent ejected cases to recoil along with the retreating slide as the gun cycles, up to a point when it could interfere with the fresh round being chambered, its bottom almost totally rests against the breechblock's face; a small milled hollow prevents metal parts to touch the primer when the round is being chambered.

During the reloading cycle, the fresh cartridge pushes the light striker rearwards. Said sleeve also sports a seat that holds the trigger in place through its integrated retention pin.

makarov pm

The trigger itself can be removed once its guard has been pulled downwards. The most interesting mechanical solution to be found in the Makarov PM pistol is the trigger bar, which of course controls both the single-action and double-action operation. Generally speaking, these parts sport a prominent U-shape, and tends to bend when the trigger is pulled, thus causing a variation in contact points.

The Makarov bar design solves this inconvenient by featuring a short cylindric segment in its front portion, which is oriented rearwards rather than to a degrees position.

The rear portion of the trigger bar engages a complex, extremely short lever, which rotates in an almost vertical position to activate the double action. This lever comes with two pawls: the lower one will cock the hammer, while the higher one will intervene once the hammer is fully cocked, engaging the sear pin to release it; that's thus a positive hammer release double action.

What is peculiar in this system is that the translating movement of the lever appears to find no comparaison with any other working system on any other existing firearm. It is not a linear progression; as a matter of fact it seems related to the alpha angle cotangent.

The drawing is indeed simplified, as the hammer cocking movement is not rectilinear but follows a curve as the hammer itself pivots around a pin; and yet, this simplification helps to understand.This ammunition is still in use by many of these countries today. During the war the Red Army had found a few shortcomings of its 7. The army wanted something that was lighter, with a heel release instead of a button and different ammunition.

A direct blowback design was chosen for the pistol's operation, since it would be quick and cheap to manufacture, as well as accurate, due to the fixed-barrel design allowed by direct blowback operation.

Semin inand was intended to be a relatively powerful round with modest bolt thrust that could function safely in a simple or direct blowback pistol. Calibers in the USSR were measured between the lands in the rifling and not the grooves. According to the official C. All used clad metal as case material. The bullet has a clad metal envelope totally covering the core. It can penetrate a 1. The RG cartridge is loaded with an enhanced penetration bullet and is designed to kill personnel wearing body armour.

The bullet has a core of hardened steel. The SP-7 cartridge is loaded with an enhanced stopping effect bullet and is designed to defeat live targets. The bullet has a black tip. The SP-8 cartridge is loaded with a low-penetration bullet and is designed to engage personnel. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from 9 x 18 mm PM. Retrieved From Russia with Love. Pistolet Makarowa. III 19p. Blount Inc.

makarov pm

Retrieved 8 June Cartridges derived from the 7.Under the project leadership of Nikolay Fyodorovich Makarovit became the Soviet Union 's standard military and Militsya side arm in The adoption of the future AK assault rifle relegated the pistol to a light, handy self-defence weapon. Also, the Tokarev pistols omitted a safety and magazines were deemed too easy to lose.

makarov pm

As a result, in Decembertwo separate contests for a new service pistol were created, respectively for a 7. It was later judged that the new 9. Semin, was the best round suited for the intended role.

The lower pressures of the cartridge allowed practical straight blowback operation reducing the cost and complexity of the weaponwhile retaining low recoil and good stopping power. Special emphasis was placed on safety, user-friendliness, accuracy, weight, and dimensions.

Makarov PM

After stringent handling, reliability, and other tests, Makarov's design, influenced by the German Walther PP[7] [8] stood out from the others through its sheer simplicity, excellent reliability, quick disassembly, and robustness. During AprilMakarov's pistol experienced 20 times fewer malfunctions than the competing Baryshev and Sevryugin counterparts, and had fewer parts. The pistol was therefore selected in for further development and optimization for mass production.

Tooling was set up in the Izhevsk plant for production. After many major design changes and tweaks, the gun was formally adopted as the "9mm Pistolet Makarova", or "PM" in December It remained in wide front-line service with Soviet military and police until and beyond the end of the USSR in Variants of the pistol remain in production in Russia, China, and Bulgaria.

In the U. Inthe Makarov PM was formally replaced by the PYa pistol in Russian service, [10] although as of [update]large numbers of Makarov pistols are still in Russian military and police service. In SeptemberRostec announced its Udav pistol went into mass production as the Makarov replacement. The PM is a medium-size, straight-blowback-actionall-steel construction, frame-fixed barrel handgun. In blowback designs, the only force holding the slide closed is that of the recoil spring; upon firing, the barrel and slide do not have to unlock, as do locked-breech-design pistols.

Blowback designs are simple and more accurate than designs using a recoiling, tilting, or articulated barrel, but they are limited practically by the weight of the slide. The PM is heavy for its size by modern US commercial handgun standards, largely because in a blowback pistol, the heavy slide provides greater inertia to delay opening of the breech until internal pressures have fallen to a safe level.

Other, more powerful cartridges have been used in blowback pistol designs, but the Makarov is widely regarded as particularly well balanced in its design elements. The general layout and field-strip procedure of the Makarov pistol is similar to that of the PP.

Makarov and his team drastically simplified the construction of the pistol, improving reliability and reducing the part count to an astonishing 27, not including the magazine. This allowed considerable ease of manufacture and servicing. All of the individual parts of the PM have been optimised for mass production, robustness and interchangeability, partially thanks to captured German tooling, technology, and machinery. The chrome-lined, four-groove, 9. The spring-loaded trigger guard is pivoted down and swung to either side on the frame, allowing removal of the slide.

The rear sight is dovetailed into the slide and multiple heights are available to adjust the impact point. The extractor is of an external spring-loaded type, and features a prominent flange preventing loss if a case should rupture.

The breech face is deeply recessed in order to aid in extraction and ejection reliability. The stamped sheet steel slide-lock lever has a tail serving the purpose of ejector. The one-piece, wraparound bakelite or plastic grip is reinforced with steel inserts and has a detent inside the screw bushing preventing unscrewing during firing. The sheet-metal mainspring housed inside the grip panel powers the hammer in both the main and rebound stroke, the trigger and the disconnector, while its lower end is the heel and spring of the magazine catch.This website is for informational purposes Only.

We no longer sell anything other than what may be listed in the Gunbroker. We can no longer answer Tech Questions, or provide sources to find items, parts or accessories. Please feel free to look around the website. Various links are provided below. This website will be updated and new content added as time allows. What's a Makarovnikyou say? It's a word we use to describe Makarov pistol enthusiasts and collectors.

If you own a Makarov, you're probably a Makarovnik. If you are looking for a great value in self-loading pistols, don't pass up the Makarov. In our "travels" with the Makarov, we've managed to collect quite a bit of information about this pistol. We hope you find it useful. If you've just bought a Makarov and then surfed the 'net to see if there's any information about your new acquisition, you've hit the jackpot! Congratulations on your new acquisition! Perhaps you're thinking about buying a new pistol, have heard about the Makarov and want to know more.

Quick Links. Makarov FAQ. Technical Information. Makarov Basics. Pistolet Makarova Cross-sectional Views. Pictures of Makarov Pistols. Makarov Related Collectables. Reloading the 9x So what do you do when you have collected everything Makarov you can thing of?OpticsPlanet provides an excellent variety of accessories for Makarov handguns including red dot scopesflashlightsgrips, lasers, tritium night sights and more.

If there is a Makarov accessory that you do not see, you can do a search on our site or contact us to find out if we carry it. We are constantly adding Makarov accessories here, but withproducts for sale, it's hard to find them all!

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9×18mm Makarov

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